Fine Motor Interaction Methods for Immersive Free-Hand Expression

Click the image to display a video clip shown in YLE Kulttuuriuutiset on 13.10.2005

"Painted into air" on display at Kiasma (Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki)

The works of art created with HELMA software are on display at Kiasma art museum from November 4th to 27th. Experience the three-dimensional paintings made by ten distinguished Finnish artists. By using special 3D glasses you can walk into the works and view them as freely as real sculptures.

Research foci

  • Artistic free-hand expression
  • Two-handed interaction methods


  • Wille Mäkelä and Tommi Ilmonen. Drawing, Painting and Sculpting in the Air. Development Studies about an Immersive Free-Hand Interface for Artists. In IEEE VR 2004 Workshop Proceedings, pp. 89-92. online
  • Wille Mäkelä, Markku Reunanen, Tapio Takala and Tommi Ilmonen. Possibilities and Limitations of Immersive Free-Hand Expression: a Case Study with Professional Artists. In Proceedings of the ACM Multimedia 2004, pp. 504-507. ACM link
  • Tommi Ilmonen, Markku Reunanen and Petteri Kontio. Broadcast GL: An Alternative Method for Distributing OpenGL API Calls to Multiple Rendering Slaves. Journal of WSCG, vol. 13, nr. 2, 2005, pp. 65-72. online
  • Wille Mäkelä. Working 3D Meshes and Particles with Finger Tips. Towards an Immersive Artists' Interface. In IEEE VR 2005 Workshop Proceedings, pp. 77-80. online
  • Tommi Ilmonen and Markku Reunanen. Virtual Pockets in Virtual Reality. In Virtual Environments 2005, Eurographics/ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium Proceedings, pp. 163-170.
  • Markku Reunanen, Karri Palovuori, Tommi Ilmonen and Wille Mäkelä. Näprä - Affordable Fingertip Tracking with Ultrasound. In Virtual Environments 2005, Eurographics/ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium Proceedings, pp. 51-58.

Hardware components

  • EVE, the Experimental Virtual Environment
  • Näprä. A low-cost finger tracker enabling fine motor painting.




Sketches created with Helma using a wand. Click a thumbnail for full size image.

last update 2.11.2005 by Markku Reunanen